Vertebrates structures and functions seth m kisia department of veterinary anatomy and physiology university of nairobi kenya isbn 978 1 5780 8606 1 2010 554 pages pb us 9995 about the book the book describes the diversity of various vertebrate groups ranging from the oldest living fishes to the relatively more recent groups to evolve such as mammals and their features. Vertebrate structure and function zoo2090 practice study play chondocranium and at one point in the life of vertebrates the pharynx will form slits next they developed to aid the respiratory system cillia are used in small animals and muscles are used in larger animals endostyle. The vertebrate system the nervous system of vertebrates has two main divisions the central nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system which in humans includes 12 pairs of cranial nerves 31 pairs of spinal nerves and the autonomic or involuntary nervous system anatomic structures such as the nervous system are described according to their . Vertebrates also have complex organ systems including a closed circulatory system with a heart an excretory system with a pair of kidneys and an adaptive immune system. The most remarkable difference between invertebrates and vertebrates is the presence of backbone skull outer covering of a brain which is completely absent in invertebrates and is well developed and proper functional in vertebrates
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